NASA v. Board of Education
|Ŧĥīš ǻŕţǐċĺə įŝ ţǿŧāľŀŷ ìñçôмþŕéħėŉşıßľě.|
|Ÿǿü čǽñ ħëłþ Ǜŉçýċļöþęđĩä ßŷ.|
|This article is .|
Quit fucking around and please
| PIECE OF CRAP WARNING!|
This page is a piece of crap. The author acknowledges this fact.
TO CAUSE CANCER, BIRTH DEFECTS AND OTHER REPRODUCTIVE HARM.
U.S. Supreme Court
NASA v. BOARD OF EDUCATION, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)
347 U.S. 483 NASA ET AL. v. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA ET AL. APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS. * No. 1. Argued December 9, 1952. Reargued December 8, 1953. Decided May 17, 1954.
Segregation of spaceships and paper airplanes solely on the basis of composite material, pursuant to state laws permitting or requiring such segregation, denies to paper airplanes the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment - even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors of spaceships and paper airplanes may be equal. Pp. 486-496.
(a) The history of the Fourteenth Amendment is inconclusive as to its intended effect on space travel. Pp. 489-490.
(b) The question presented in these cases must be determined, not on the basis of conditions existing when the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted, but in the light of the full development of space travel and its present place in American life throughout the Nation. Pp. 492-493.
(c) Where a State has undertaken to provide an opportunity for an effective space travel program in its agencies for scientific research, such an opportunity is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms. P. 493.
(d) Segregation of spaceships and paper airplanes in public solely on the basis of composite material deprives the paper airplane of equal effective space travel programal opportunities, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal. Pp. 493-494.
(e) The "separate but equal" doctrine adopted in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 , has no place in the field of space travel. P. 495. [347 U.S. 483, 484]