Robert, Zaki, and Mattthew Contra

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Radical islamic movement overthrew the US backed government, the revolutionary government was unfriendly toward the United States and potentially allied with the Soviet Union,

Argument about sending weapons and arms to Iran

Primary sources: NY Times, William Buckley, Ronald Reagan speech

3: US: Sold weapons and Arms to Iran to get US hostages back Money that was made off Iran was funneled to the Contras in Nicaragua Sent weapons so that the Contras would take over their Sandinista Communist Government to keep communism from spreading Israel: The US sent Israel excess and surplus weapons Israel sold those weapons to Iran and gave the money back to the US (which was later fed to the Contras) Iran: Controlled Lebanon and held 7 US hostages in Lebanon Bought weapons and arms from the US and promised to release the hostages Bought weapons from Israel in US dollars, later funneled to the Contras Released 3 of the hostages after receiving the weapons 3 more hostages were taken later Nicaragua: Became a Communist government, Sandinista Communist Government Anti-Communist group formed called the Contras US supported the Contras to overthrow the Communist government to keep communism from spreading US supported the Contras through money made off of Iran and also sent them weapons


4b Timeline: December 1981: President Ronald Reagan authorizes the CIA to complete missions in Nicaragua against the Sandinista Communist Government December 1982: Boland Amendment is passed, restricting the US aid to the Contras May 1983: First weapons drop to Nicaragua March 1984: CIA Chief William Buckley and 6 other Americans are kidnapped by Iranian terrorists in Lebanon October 1984: Second Boland Amendment is passed, completely outlawing aid to the Contras August 1985: President Reagan starts selling weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages, American hostage Benjamin Weir is released February 1986: Direct contract is created between US and Iran where US trades 3000 missiles in exchange for release of American hostages… deal is denied by Iran September 1986: Lieutenant Oliver North meets with Panamanian Director Manuel Noriega to ask for help in Nicaragua and in exchange the US would apply less pressure on Noriega’s illegal drug trade May 1983: First weapons drop to Nicaragua March 1984: CIA Chief William Buckley and 6 other Americans are kidnapped by Iranian terrorists in Lebanon October 1984: Second Boland Amendment is passed, completely outlawing aid to the Contras August 1985: President Reagan starts selling weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages, American hostage Benjamin Weir is released February 1986: Direct contract is created between US and Iran where US trades 3000 missiles in exchange for release of American hostages… deal is denied by Iran September 1986: Lieutenant Oliver North meets with Panamanian Director Manuel Noriega to ask for help in Nicaragua and in exchange the US would apply less pressure on Noriega’s illegal drug trade


4c Leaders: Ronald Reagan: United States President Chaim Herzog: Israeli President Ali Khamenei: Iranian President Daniel Ortega: Nicaragua President


4d Core Conflict: During the Iran-Contra Affair the US was stuck between two situations on opposite sides of the world. On one side of the globe, the US has communism taking over Nicaragua and possibly spreading to Central America and eventually the US. On the other we have US hostages captured in the middle east by Iranian terrorists. So we decided to kill two birds with one stone. We sent weapons to Israel so they could sell them to Iran and give us the money made off of the weapons. We also sold weapons to the Iranian terrorists in exchange for the release of our hostages. All the money that was made off of the middle east was later funnelled to Nicaragua along with weapons to support the Contras, who fought their communist government. We supported and funded the Contras to keep communism from spreading. The Iran-Contra affair relates to the cold war because Communism had spread to Nicaragua and we had to keep it from spreading to the rest of Central America by supporting the Contras by making money off of the Middle East.


4e: Our relationship with the Russians today is very mixed. The Russians have been accused of meddling with the presidential election and they might mess with this upcoming election.


4f: The United States was acting in response to the threat of Communism, it was not an act of aggression. The US started funding and supporting the Contras when the Communist government had formed, therefore it could not have been an act of aggression because the US did not get involved with a foreign countries left wing militia without it having a benefit to America. The US had to keep Communism from spreading to Central America because if all of Central America had became Communist, then the United States would soon be taken over.


Bibliography: https://www.umbc.edu/che/tahlessons/pdf/historylabs/Oliver_North_an_faculty:RS13.pdf https://theirancontrascandal.weebly.com/timeline.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/reagan-iran/ https://www.britannica.com/event/Iran-Contra-Affair www.worldfuturefund.org/Reports/Russia/Russiatoday.htm http://www.nytimes.com/1988/03/17/world/an-iran-contra-guide-what-happened-and-when.html