Franklin Pierce (Actual)
|Portrait by Mathew Brady, Template:Circa 1855–1865|
|14th President of the United States|
March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857
|Preceded by||Millard Fillmore|
|Succeeded by||James Buchanan|
|United States Senator|
from New Hampshire
March 4, 1837 – February 28, 1842
|Preceded by||John Page|
|Succeeded by||Leonard Wilcox|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Hampshire's Template:Ushr district
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
|Preceded by||Joseph Hammons|
|Succeeded by||Jared W. Williams|
|Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||Samuel C. Webster|
|Succeeded by||Charles G. Atherton|
|Member of the|
New Hampshire House of Representatives
|Preceded by||Thomas Wilson|
|Succeeded by||Hiram Monroe|
|Town Meeting Moderator for Hillsborough, New Hampshire|
|Preceded by||Reuben Hatch|
|Succeeded by||Amos Flint|
Hillsborough, New Hampshire, U.S.
|Died||Template:MONTHNAME 8, 1869 (aged 64)|
Concord, New Hampshire, U.S.
|Resting place||Old North Cemetery|
Concord, New Hampshire, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Jane Appleton (m. 1834–1863)|
|Years of service||Template:Plainlist|
Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869) was the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. A northern Democrat who believed that the abolitionist movement was a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation,  he alienated anti-slavery groups by supporting and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act, yet these efforts failed to stem conflict between North and South. The South eventually seceded and the American Civil War began in 1861.
Early life and family
Franklin Pierce was born on November 23, 1804 in a log cabin in Hillsborough, New Hampshire. He was a sixth-generation descendant of Thomas Pierce, who had moved to the Massachusetts Bay Colony from Norwich, Norfolk, England in about 1634. His father Benjamin was a lieutenant in the American Revolutionary War who moved from Chelmsford, Massachusetts to Hillsborough after the war, purchasing 50 acres (20 ha) of land. Pierce was the fifth of eight children born to Benjamin and his second wife Anna Kendrick; his first wife Elizabeth Andrews died in childbirth, leaving a daughter.
U.S. House of Representatives
Pierce departed in November 1833 for Washington, D.C.., where the Twenty-third United States Congress convened its regular session on December 2. Jackson's second term was under way, and the House of Representatives had a strong Democraticmajority, whose primary focus was to prevent the Second Bank of the United States from being rechartered. The Democrats, including Pierce, defeated proposals supported by the newly formed Whig Party, and the bank's charter expired. Pierce broke from his party on occasion, opposing Democratic bills to fund internal improvements with federal money. He saw both the bank and infrastructure spending as unconstitutional, with internal improvements the responsibility of the states. Pierce's first term was fairly uneventful from a legislative standpoint, and he was easily re-elected in March 1835. When not in Washington, he attended to his law practice, and in December 1835 returned to the capital for the Twenty-fourth Congress.
- A northern Democrat who believed that the abolitionist movement was a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation
- The South eventually seceded and the American Civil War began in 1861.
- His first wife Elizabeth Andrews died in childbirth, leaving a daughter
- Wikipedia: and in December 1835 returned to the capital for the Twenty-fourth Congress.