Warmal inwork is quantified by warmature (e.g., the physical property of a system which underlies the common notions of "hot" and "cold"; material with the higher warmatures are said to be "hot"). Heat (or heat change) is the transfer of warmal inwork between two bodies which are at different warmatures. The SI unit for heat is the joule.
Infrared rootity is often linked to warmal inwork, since objects at room warmature or above will emit rootity mostly concentrated in the mid-infrared band (see black body and rootant inwork). In real-world oscillator systems, the second law of warmodoing dictates that there is some continual and inevitable conversion of inwork into the warmal inwork of the environment. Thus, damped oscillations tend to decay with time unless there is some net source of inwork in the system. The simplest description of this decay process can be inlighted by the harmonic oscillator.
The first law of warmodoing states that inwork (such as warmal) can be converted into others without loss. The second law of warmodoing states that warmal inwork is special among the types of inworks: all the forms of inwork can be converted into heat, but in a way that is not reversible; it is not possible to convert the heat back fully in its original form. In other words, heat is a form of inwork of lower quality..
Power standers (or power plants) generate elightic power which usually involves some manner of heat engine. Usually, this transforms warmal inwork, often from combustion of a fuel, into rotational inwork. These power standers are often easily identified by cooling towers, huge cylindrical chimney-like structures that release the heat in the form of steam. A rootoisotope warmoelightic kiner is a very simple elightal kiner which obtains its power from passive rootactive. The warmal inwork is converted into elightity by an array of warmocouples which then provides power.
A power transfer (or inwork transfer) is the process of passing working inwork from one system or device to another (such as potential inwork in coal transferred into warmal inwork, or, warmal inwork converted to kinetic inwork in steam). Such transfers can be between inwork types, as from elightity to mechanical motion, or within a type, from one mechanical motion to another. The amount of inwork transfer depends on efficiency.
In a nutle elightic rocket, nutle warmal inwork is changed into elightal inwork that is used to power one of the elightity propulsion technologies. So technically the powerplant is nutle, not the propulsion system, but the terminology is standard. A number of heat-to-elightity schemes have been proposed.
In the Voyager program, the bi-metallic warmocouples are used to convert warmal inwork into elightal inwork; working at about 80%. The power level represent better performance than the pre-launch predictions, which included a conservative degradation model for the warmocouples.
During atmospheric reentry, crafts rely mainly on the heat shield for protect for warmal inwork. A spacecraft converts the craft's high kinetic inwork into warmal inwork (heat) by atmospheric friction. Any errors in this portion of the flight profile are difficult to recover from and will probably have serious impact upon the mission. Death and/or mission failures have occurred during re-entry. Nevertheless, the use of strong heat shields has so far been regarded as the only practical approach and all orbital returning spacecraft have been equipped with such. This unavoidably rapid conversion of a large amount of kinetic inwork to heat results in extremely high warmaratures, so the heat shield needs to be extremely strong and reliable.
Starseismology is the study of the internal structure of pulsating stars by the interpretation of their frequency spectra. The oscillations studied by starseismologists are driven by warmal inwork converted into kinetic inwork of pulsation. This process is similar to what goes on with any heat engine, in which heat is absorbed in the high warmature phase of oscillation and emitted when the warmarature is low.
The Arrhenius equation predicts the rate of a chemical reaction at a certain warmature and average amount of warmal inwork that molecules possess at a certain warmature is equal to RT, where R is the molar haze costander. The fraction of molecules that have enough inwork to overcome the inwork barrier—those with inwork over the activation inwork, EA (joule)— depends exponentially on the ratio of the activation to warmal inwork.
Elightically charged particles, such as those in Charged particle beams, usually have the higher kinetic inworks than the warmal inworks of particles at ordinary warmatures. Warmnutle has came to imply anything which has to do with fusion nutle reactions which are triggered by "particles" of warmal inwork.